After them, seven other cows came up—scrawny and very ugly and lean. Exod. 34Let Pharaoh take action to appoint overseers in charge of the land, and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt in the seven years of abundance. Esther 3:10,12; 8:8,10). “In my dream I saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk. Joseph Interprets Pharaoh’s Dreams. Pharaoh's naming him may have been a cultural sign of his authority over Joseph. In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it. These are eyewitness details! When the famine had spread over the whole country, Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians, for the famine was severe throughout Egypt. Then Pharaoh awoke. 33, 41, and 43 in connection with Joseph's authority as Vizier, then the verb here must refer to that also (JPSOA). 4:8, 9, 18; 5:11, 14) by non-Hebrews. 3. It denotes a total and complete authority. Genesis Chapter 41 בְּרֵאשִׁית א וַיְהִי, מִקֵּץ שְׁנָתַיִם יָמִים; וּפַרְעֹה חֹלֵם, וְהִנֵּה עֹמֵד עַל-הַיְאֹר. ▣ "put the gold necklace around his neck" This was a symbol of authority throughout Egyptian history, particularly in the 12th dynasty (cf. 1:22) to be appeased. Both are crucial (cf. Note the hyperbole in the phrase "all the earth." 25,28,32). "let Pharaoh take action," v. 34, BDB 793, KB 889, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 4. 1. natural sleep, Ps. They ruled from 1730 to 1570 b.c. YHWH communicates to a person's subconscious using symbols and metaphors with which they are familiar. 19 Then behold, seven other cows came up after them, poor and very ugly and gaunt, such ugliness as I have never seen in all the land of Egypt. From Egyptian documents we also learn that throughout the history of Egypt, there were Semites in places of responsibility in many other Egyptian dynasties than the two mentioned above. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it was a dream. Apparently Joseph was kept with the political prisoners. mouth) as they do Pharaoh's (cf. "thin of flesh"), BDB 201 construct BDB 142. Genesis 41:5 but he fell back asleep and dreamed a second time: Seven heads of grain, plump and ripe, came up on one stalk. 41:26 "seven years" In literature of the ANE seven year cycles were common (cf. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of … The seven lean, ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years, and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine. 47:20-26). 33Now let Pharaoh look for a man discerning and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. This seems to be a common characterization for one who was able to interpret dreams (cf. Gen 41:5 : And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good. In reality, these two boys are not really Jewish! 41:45 "Then Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath-paneah" This is an official title (BDB 861) related to Pharaoh himself (cf. 2:28; Matt. Joshua). 50Now before the year of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph, whom Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, bore to him. Go to Bible: Genesis 41 : Gen 41:1 “the river.” That is, the Nile. ▣ "the Nile" This (BDB 384) is the first in a series of uniquely Egyptian terms. 5He fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain came up on a single stalk, plump and good. ▣ "the magicians of Egypt" This seems to be another Egyptian loan word that comes from the root "to engrave" (BDB 355) and is always used of occultic knowledge (cf. It almost seems he is talking to a new Pharaoh. (, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Visions can often occur at night, but seem to be different from dreams. Genesis 41:40 NIV Genesis 41:40 NLT Genesis 41:40 ESV Genesis 41:40 NASB Genesis 41:40 KJV Genesis 41:40 BibleApps.com Genesis 41:40 Biblia Paralela Genesis 41:40 Chinese Bible Genesis 41:40 French Bible Genesis 41:40 Clyx Quotations OT Law: Genesis 41:40 You shall be over my house (Gen… God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:47-49 Joseph's dream interpretation was completely accurate. 50:35; 51:57) and in Persia (cf. What is the meaning of the names of Joseph's sons and what is their significance (v. 50-52)? 41:38 "a divine spirit" This is translated from the Hebrew words ruach Elohim (BDB 924, and BDB 43). I told this to the magicians, but none of them could explain it to me.”. He was made Pharaoh's "Grand Vizier.". 39So Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Since God has informed you of all this, there is no one so discerning and wise as you are. when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. There have been several proposed etymologies. Exodus 7-8), and by implication the Egyptian gods, were not able to know it or stop it. 21Yet when they had devoured them, it could not be detected that they had devoured them, for they were just as ugly as before. "let them gather all the food," v. 35, BDB 867, KB 1062, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 7. The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. Now a young Hebrew was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard. God's providence functions on several levels! Pharaoh is making Joseph a part of the elite classes of Egypt's society by this marriage to the daughter of an important priest (BDB 463). 41:45,50; 46:20), who is the love goddess of the Egyptians. Then I told it to the magicians, but there was no one who could explain it to me.". Levi will not be counted as a tribe for inheritance purposes (cf. 2:1,3, and the Qal is used of God's Spirit "stirring" in Jdgs. 3. especially the chosen family of Jacob! This is parallel to “only [with] the throne” (verse 40). 43:13). GEN 41:34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. 18 Suddenly seven cows came up out of the river, fine looking and fat; and they fed in the meadow. After them, seven other heads sprouted—withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. 46Now Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh, king of Egypt. Throughout the account of Joseph it is interesting that the author/editor gives us several dates: (1) he was seventeen years old when he was sold into slavery (cf. YHWH wants Egyptians to know Him! 1. vv. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. 41:51 "Manasseh" This name (BDB 586) is related to the Hebrew verb "to forget" (BDB 674, KB 728, Piel participle) by sound similarity. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt. 13And just as he interpreted for us, so it happened; he restored me in my office, but he hanged him.". And Pharaoh told them his dreams, but there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh. What does the Bible say to the church, and to the individual Christian, about the role of politics in the church? He is married to the former Peggy Rutta and they have three children and six grandchildren. 41:12 "a Hebrew youth" See note at 40:15. The exact nature of the difference is not stated. Q. 41:34 "and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt" Notice that the phrase "of the produce" is in italics, which means it is not in the Hebrew text. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:9-13 Every paragraph has one and only one subject. vv. 41 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. It is called Heliopolis in Greek and Beth Shemesh in Hebrew (cf. No one would retell the story exactly the same without embellishing some points and omitting other points. Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile. Then I awoke. The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end. "bad of sight"), BDB 948 I construct BDB 909, 2. gaunt (lit. 5:7, 2. false revelation, Jer. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. Not only are they uniquely Egyptian terms, but the entire context is culturally Egyptian. 25Now Joseph said to Pharaoh, "Pharaoh's dreams are one and the same; God has told to Pharaoh what He is about to do. Note in v. 24 none of his magicians could do it. “And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man and put him in charge of the land of Egypt. Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same. 52:1). Gen 41,1 NASB "thin ears"NKJV "empty heads"NRSV, JPSOA "empty ears"TEV "thin heads of grain"NJB "shriveled ears of grain"LXX "thin and blasted ears". 77:4; Dan. 32Now as for the repeating of the dream to Pharaoh twice, it means that the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about. (Genesis 41:1-38) 1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. The UBS Preliminary and Interim Report on the Hebrew Old Testament Text Project (1979, p. 62) gives "thin" a B rating (some doubt). Two years after the butler was released from prison, the same butler Joseph interpreted a dream for, the Pharaoh of Egypt had a dream and needed interpretation. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 41:1-8 I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt. Genesis 41 New International Version Pharaoh’s Dreams 1 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. but seven years of famine will follow them. 2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. But even after they ate them, no one could tell that they had done so; they looked just as ugly as before. So Joseph took charge of the entire land of Egypt. During the seven years of abundance the land produced plentifully. Lev. Gen. 41:46). Gen 41:6 : And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them. After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted—thin and scorched by the east wind. ▣ "and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of" This is another Egyptian name which means "belongs to Neith" (BDB 62, cf. 3 And behold, seven other cows, ugly and thin, came up out of the Nile after them, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile. SPECIAL TOPIC: ELECTION/PREDESTINATION AND THE NEED FOR A THEOLOGICAL BALANCE. It was considered a god (cf. 5:7, 16, 29). 41:26-32 Joseph began to explain the dream to Pharaoh. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.”, So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt.”. NIV®. 22I saw also in my dream, and behold, seven ears, full and good, came up on a single stalk; 23and lo, seven ears, withered, thin, and scorched by the east wind, sprouted up after them; 24and the thin ears swallowed the seven good ears. 4. It is referred to in Ezek. 14Then Pharaoh sent and called for Joseph, and they hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon; and when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came to Pharaoh. Think for 13 years he was a slave, all during those tough times he looked to God and found the strength to overcome and trust= now he’s exalted, but even now=he continues to look to God for strength for a … 23:17; II Kgs. The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first. Pharaoh’s Dream. In the context of chapter 41, the shalom may refer to Pharaoh's spirit ("his spirit was troubled") in 41:8. 44:25; Jer. 41:36 "so that the land may not perish during the famine" The term "land" (BDB 75) is functioning as a metaphor for the people and government of Egypt. This river and its annual flood was the source of Egypt's life and fertility. ▣ "Potiphera priest of On" This is another Egyptian name which is a lengthening of the name Potiphar, found in Gen. 37:36; 39:1. Describe magicians and their function in the Ancient Near East. This God is ready and willing to inform Pharaoh, a pagan king, about His future plans (cf. ▣ "On" "On" (BDB 58) is the city of the sun god. Why an Egyptian term would be used for Babylonian soothsaying priests (cf. They are meant to be thought-provoking, not definitive. 2. the land brought forth abundantly, v. 47, 3. stored grain in great abundance, vv. Proud member There has been much speculation about when Joseph could have arisen as second in command over all of Egypt. It may mean (1) "to be obedient" (KB) or (2) "to kiss the ground as a gesture of homage" (cf. Daniel 2)! 42,43,44). With these figures it is possible to see that he had remained in jail approximately thirteen years. (Gen 41:1-57) Joseph's Brothers in Egypt (Gen 42:1-38) The Second Journey to Egypt (Gen 43:1-34) The Final Test (Gen 44:1-34) The Reconciliation of the Brothers ... "fish bread" will search for verses that contains "fish bread" in minimum 1 bible version: at least one: search for … - [from Gen. Rabbah 90:2] [I.e., although I give you the exclusive power to raise your hand and foot, as explained below I am still the supreme ruler over the land.] 2:27-30. 2:12). Genesis 41:23 When he had shaved and changed his clothes, he came before Pharaoh. ▣ "there was no one who could interpret them to Pharaoh" Pharaoh apparently had more honest wise men than Nebuchadnezzar, who did not trust his magi enough to give them the content of his dreams lest they make up an interpretation (cf. Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. All rights reserved. Then Pharaoh woke up; it had been a dream. Genesis 41 1 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream: He was standing by the Nile, 2 when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat, and they grazed among the reeds. The Egyptians sold their land to the king to buy grain to feed themselves and their families. Gen 41:7 : And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. 1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. Both are crucial (cf. 41:14 "they hurriedly brought him out of the dungeon" Again we have an Egyptian loan word (see note at 40:15) in the term "dungeon," which seems to mean "incarcerated within an Egyptian fortress." 11:17; Esther 10:3; Jer. 41:2 "seven cows" We learn from Plutarch, the Roman historian, and Clement of Alexandria, an early church father, that "cow" (BDB 831) symbolized the bounty of the earth in Egypt. To each one he interpreted according to his own dream. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. "let them guard it," v. 35, BDB 1036, KB 1581, Qal perfect used in a jussive sense (NASB), 9. These discussion questions are provided to help you think through the major issues of this section of the book. But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”, “I cannot do it,” Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires.”. "set him over the land of Egypt," v. 33, BDB 1011, KB 1483, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 3. ▣ "they grazed in the marsh grass" This is another Egyptian loan word. "store up the grain," v. 35, BDB 840, KB 999, Qal imperfect used in a jussive sense, 8. 41:32 "the matter is determined by God, and God will quickly bring it about" Joseph is asserting his God's power and foreknowledge related to events in Egypt. 1:14; 4:12; Jdgs. ▣ "Pharaoh" Pharaoh is a collective title for all of the kings of Egypt as Hadad was for Syria, Caesar later becomes for Rome, and Czar was for Russia. Dan. 3 After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food. Übersicht Bibel Das Buch Genesis, Kapitel 41. Pharaoh’s Dreams. 47During the seven years of plenty the land brought forth abundantly. The Egyptian magicians (cf. Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I am reminded of my shortcomings. 41:34 "and let him exact a fifth of the produce of the land of Egypt" Notice that the phrase "of the produce" is in italics, which means it is not in the Hebrew text. It was located about seven miles north of Cairo, on the border of the Land of Goshen. 15Pharaoh said to Joseph, "I have had a dream, but no one can interpret it; and I have heard it said about you, that when you hear a dream you can interpret it." Egyptians shall honor Joseph's word (lit. He had him ride in a chariot as his second-in-command, Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt.”. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). 3:5; Dan. 4 The wretched and lean cows ate the seven sleek and fat cows. 12Now a Hebrew youth was with us there, a servant of the captain of the bodyguard, and we related them to him, and he interpreted our dreams for us. It fits the situation exactly. He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain, healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. Gen 41:7 - Gen 41:8 “spirit.” 5:12; 15:18; II Chr. "beautiful"] and "fat," BDB 135). It must be noted that famine would have shown the failure of Egyptian religion (i.e., sun god, fertility gods, and the Nile itself) to be able to deliver Egypt, but YHWH could! Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. 41:33-36 In these verses Joseph gives his wise understanding of what should be done to prepare for the abundance and then severe famine. Each of us had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own. And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position, and the other man was impaled.”. Genesis 41:42 42 Then Pharaoh x took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s hand, and y clothed him in garments of fine linen z and put a gold chain about his neck. List all of the ways that Joseph's new position is described in vv. 2And lo, from the Nile there came up seven cows, sleek and fat; and they grazed in the marsh grass. Genesis 41:1-24.PHARAOH'S DREAM. (Gen 41:50-52) Joseph’s two sons and his state of heart. # 41:45b Greek version reads of Heliopolis; also in 41:50. 41:33 It should be noted that YHWH's revealed forecast of seven years of abundance and then seven years of famine (which no one can affect, yet here it is not a judgment from God, but a weather cycle in a fallen world) can only be dealt with by purposeful, planned human action. So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God. Some commentators think the verb is coming from the passive participle שמת (BDB 332), which means "armed" or "equipped" (cf. However, its meaning is disputed. Identify the subjects. Scripture quoted by permission. If the chief butler had got Joseph to be released from prison, it is probable he would have gone back to … Another interpretation: I shall be the king, and besides you, etc. 38Then Pharaoh said to his servants, "Can we find a man like this, in whom is a divine spirit?" This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him. Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners over the land to take a fifth of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance. 10Pharaoh was furious with his servants, and he put me in confinement in the house of the captain of the bodyguard, both me and the chief baker.
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